Wuthering Heights :Chapter 4-The First Glimpse into the Raw Childhoods

Post-reading Activity

 

After you have read Nelly’s narrative about the childhood of the Earnshaw children and that of Heahcliff’s first encounter with the Earnshaws, answer the following questions.

  1. How does this chapter foreshadow the character development of Heathcliff?
  2. What kind of hostile behavior Hindley Earnshaw might adopt towards Heathcliff when they enter adolescence?
  3. Do you see the development of Catherine and Heathcliff in the similar respective courses? How?
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About Words Infinitum- A Teacher's Haven

Am I a bird for Maya Angelou? If yes, why do I and so many of you around me feel caged? why not free? Am I a free spirit, then?If yes, then why don't I locate my limits? Because I can see I have lost the way. The quest for enlightenment is taking me acknowledge just Him ..and this strife just becomes so rewarding and so assuringly peaceful when I see myself having adopted His favourite occupation- the one he designated to his prophets. What is obstructing this self -actualization?
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13 Responses to Wuthering Heights :Chapter 4-The First Glimpse into the Raw Childhoods

  1. Marium Zaidi says:

    Ans1: Nelly’s story begins with the introduction of Heathcliff into the Earnshaw family,his vengeful machinations drive the entire plot, and his death ends the book. Mr.Earnshaw takes a trip to Liverpool and returns with a scraggly orphan whom Earnshaw named “Heathcliff” .Mr Earnshaw announces that Heathcliff will be raised as a member of the family who was found living in Liverpool,starving and homeless. Nelly explains that how he was brought to Wuthering Heights as a child and spread discord among the Earnshaw family. Both Catherine and Hindley resent Heathcliff at first, but Catherine quickly grows to love him. Catherine and Heathcliff become inseparable.Heathcliff”s cruelty is merely an expression of his frustrated love for Catherine, and Hindley, who continues to treat Heathcliff cruelly, falls into disfavor with his family. Mrs. Earnshaw continues to distrust Heathcliff, but Mr. Earnshaw comes to love the boy more than his own son , this love didnt lasted for long as he grows frail , weak and dies. Hindley who will now be the master of Wuthering Heights, treats Heathcliff with a harsh attitude.Throughout his life Heathcliff faced difficulties and was withdrawn parental , social and financial support ,which effected his character development .

    Ans2:Hindley who is the bullying ,discontented child hated Heathcliff as he felt supplanted in his father’s affection . Hindley will bring home new manners and rules. He will treat Heathcliff as a servant , withdrawing all his rights from him by stopping his education and making him work on the fields like a farm boy, by not letting him voice up his point of view and by classifying him as an inferior race.

    Ans 3:Both Catherine and Heathcliff lost their parental support at a very young age. They both stayed away from Hindley as much as possible and grew up uncivilized and free.

  2. Faiza Urooj says:

    Qs 1. This chapter provides important details about

    Heathcliff and the Earnshaws. Nelly Dean recalls the

    introduction of Heathcliff to the family when Mr. Earnshaw

    returning from Liverpool escorts young and lost Heathcliff

    to his home and announces that he would be bringing

    Heathcliff up as his own son. From the beginning it is

    apparent that Heathcliff lacks proper parenting, education

    and social mannerisms; essential things when it comes to

    the personality of a person. Since Heathcliff was deprived

    of all these it was obvious that he would not grow up to

    have a very pleasant personality instead the treatment of

    Heathcliff by Hindley and Catherine also contributed to his

    character. Though he and Catherine quickley became

    inseparable friends Hindley continued his rash behaviour

    towards Heathcliff, this mistreatment increased when

    Heathcliff’s protector and Hindley’s father Mr. Earnshaw

    died. Mr. Earnshaw’s death bought Heathcliff not only grief

    but also injustice as Hindley, now the owner of

    Mr.Earnshaw’s wealth treated Heathcliff no more than a

    servant. Not only was Heathcliff cut off socially but also

    physically from the only person who he ever loved,

    Catherine. This bought permenant change in Heathcliff’s

    personality.

    Qs 2. The first reaction of Hindley towards the arrival of

    Heathcliff is immense displeasure which continues to grow

    over the years. It is obvious after reading the chapter that

    Hindley hates Heathcliff for several reasons. Beholding his

    father love someone equal to him is not tolerable by

    Hindley, nor is the fact that his single sibling is now friends

    with Heathcliff. Hindley is extremely angered when his

    father sends him away to boarding school for his

    behaviour. In his eyes Heathcliff is not a part of his family

    but is still given the same status, this causes the hatred

    within him to nuture everyday and finally it his loathing

    flows out as soon as Mr. Earnshaw dies.

    Qs 3. The first time that Catherine sees Heathcliff she is

    not very happy, in fact she spits at him. However over the

    years Catherine and Heathcliff develope a stronger bond

    than friendship. In contrast to Hindley, Catherine is more

    friendly with Heathcliff, she shares with him what she

    learns at lessons and bothof them share the love of horses.

    They both however have wild natures and Catherine is

    often in trouble with her father as she is not very obedient

    and respectful of what he says.

  3. Ameema says:

    Answer1: This chapter describes the childhood of Heathcliff and his introduction to the Earnshaws. Nelly Dean narrates the childhood and past of Heathcliff. Mr. Earnshaw brought Heathcliff to his home, to bring him up as his own son, after he returned from a trip to Liverpool. Heathcliff was found starving and lost on the streets of Liverpool. Hence from the very beginning he has been deprived of basic education, etiquettes and shelter. As a result of these obstacles, it is apparent that Heathcliff could not grow up to be a pleasant personality and the attitude of Catherine and Hindley, children of Earnshaws, contributed to his firm personality. However, Heathcliff and Catherine soon became ‘thick.’ He was despised by Hindley and after the death of Mr. Earnshaw, when Hindley became the possessor of Mr. Earnshaw’s wealth he treated Heathcliff worsely and separated him from Catherine, the one he loved. Thus, lack of love, finances and even education adversely affected Heathcliff’s character development.

    Answer2: Hindley’s first reaction towards Heathcliff created a negative impact of his character. With the passage of time, his hatred grew and it became intolerable for Hindley to accept a ‘starving’ orphan to be a part of his family and accepting his father’s love and affection more towards Heathcliff. Hindley is extremely outraged when Mr. Earnshaw decides to send him to boarding because of his behavior towards Heathcliff. After the death of Mr. Earnshaw, his hatred and resentment for Heathcliff finally bursts forth, after years of nurturing.

    Answer3: Catherine at first has the same hatred for Heathcliff as Hindley and in the first sight she even spits at him. However, she soon becomes inseparable friends with Heathcliff and with the passage of time they begin to share mutual love for horses. In contrast to Hindley’s attitude, Catherine even shares her lessons with Heathcliff and thus develops a stronger bond than friendship.

  4. Kashaf Asim says:

    Answer 1.

    Heathcliff, even though was given the utmost affection from Mr. Earnshaw is still understood and treated as an animal by the rest of the Earnshaws. The residents of Wuthering Heights initially considered him as an intruder, disrupting their peaceful family life. He quietly endures hardships from Hindley and Nelly while Catherine bonds with him quickly after their first unpleasant meeting. Heathcliff is deprived of the basic necessities which are needed for a good personality; a good environment, understanding, education and etc thus an ethical personality is not expected from him . Even though Heathcliff is an illiterate he can understand the human psychology at least better than the residents of Wuthering Heights. He uses the marks of the blows Hindley has given him as a form of blackmail and gets what he desires from Hindley. But the constant use of ill-treatment upon him would have him approach to the negative contents of everything since his personality is altered and moulded negatively.

    Answer 2

    From the start of their meeting, Hindley has carried only grudges against Heathcliff, initially upon minor things for example, Hindley’s fidle had been broken due to Mr. Earnshaw’s decision of bringing Heathcliff with him. And then later onwards to the most unacceptable thing; Mr. Earnshaw, treating the “imp of Satan” as his son. Hindley can not simply withstand the fact that his father is sharing the love he deserves only with Heathcliff, thus he breeds grudges against his father as well and becomes increasingly frustrated since he does not understands why his father defends Heathcliff every time. When both of the boys enter adolescence, Hindly who has a good amount of frustration piling inside him would take it all out on Heathcliff since in his eyes, Heathcliff is depriving him from the love of a father and the position in his father’s eyes which he deserves. Hindley already persecutes Heathcliff physically behind his father’s back but when they become more mature, he might not hesitate in beating Heathcliff in front of his father as well because the hatred inside him for Heathcliff is continuously thriving.

    Answer 3.

    While Hindley is nursing his grudges against Heathcliff, Catherine and Heathcliff’s innocent friendship thrives. After their first encounter in which Catherine had spit upon Heathcliff there is a change in their relationship. The reason of their fondness towards each other might be due to the similarities they held. Both of them were wild with almost little or none social manners since there were no parents of Heathcliff to bring him up as a gentleman and Catherine had lost her mother at young age when she was supposed to be moulded in to a good lady. They both had grown up in the country and shared almost the same interests which yet were the reason of their friendship. Thus they grow up together, and Catherine gets more insolent and carefree as time passes but her behaviour is deeply effected when her father passes away.

  5. Bisma Rahman says:

    Ans.1 Nelly tells the story behind ‘The Wuthering Heights’ and we get to know that Heathcliff is a child brought to the Earnshaw family and wasn’t Mr Earnshaw’s own son. Heathcliff is constantly harassed by Hindley but Catherine who spits on Heathcliff at first develops affection for Heathcliff. When Mr Earnshaw died Hindley came back to Wuthering heights with his wife and treated Heathcliff as a servant. This shows that Hindley’s cruel behaviour might be a reason for Heathcliff’s cold nature and losing Catherine might also be another reason.

    Ans 2. Heathcliff is given love and affection by his father by which Hindley gets jealous of and hates Heathcliff for that reason. Hindley always looks down upon Heathcliff and is very rude to him. Even when he returns to Wuthering Heights he treats Heathcliff as a servant.

    Ans 3 When Heathcliff is first introduced to Catherine she spits on him. This explains that Catherine disliked Heathcliff but develos feelings for him and they shared the almost the same interest. Both lost their parents and were wild natured.

  6. Hamza says:

    Answer 1:
    This chapter provides us with the social and psychological foundation, on which Heathcliff reached adulthood. It gives us the logical prerequisites that lead to personality attatined by Heathcliff.
    Heathcliff is shown as a proverbial victorian orpahan, taken under the care of a rich benefactor, let it be noted that at this stage he is a still an impressionable child. When he is introduced into the linton household, the other children instictively feel aprehensive of him, teasing him and treating him like dirt. Although he later forms a bond with Catherine, he still endures social hardships, this deprivation of a good social environment and education leads to Heathcliff turning into a cold and distant man.

    Answer 2:
    In his formative years Hindley adopted an immensely distastefull veiw of Heathcliff, this grudge kept on growing through the years and Hindley distaste evolved into spite and hate.
    As he enters adolesence he will acquire more freedom and power which he will use to harm Heathcliff.

    Answer 3:
    Catherine and Heathcliff have similar tendencies, they both are frees spirited and dislike authority and have lost the guiding hand of a gurdian. This and and the innocent bond of friendship the formed later evolves into something stronger.

  7. sehgaara says:

    Sehrish Altaf

    Ans 1: The first introduction of Heathcliff to the family describes the extent of repellence the Earnshaw had for him. Initially Heathcliff seemed to be non vindictive but as Nelly narrates; she turned out to be wrong. In the household, except Mr. Earnshaw the whole family including Nelly despised the child and he is constantly been referred to as it. This savage treatment gives the reader an idea about the future personality of Heathcliff, which is bound to be unimpressive. Heathcliff went through pain and troubles which were inflicted by the family members and became hardened at the heart. Thus, these events foreshadow that Heathcliff would grow up to be a cold hearted and unloving person. It also foreshadows that Heathcliff will not sit idle to be maltreated forever as he was used to get his way around and knew how to achieve his goals. A pleasant personality shapes up by the effects of family, education, training of mannerisms etc. All of these factors are already missing in Heathcliff’s personality, which shows he will lack a pleasant personality and be vengeful to those who caused him pain and injuries. From an early age Heathcliff encountered hatred and cruelty and these emotions would have gotten embedded into his nature and consequently he might turn out to be a reflection of these attributes.

    Ans 2 : Heathcliff is an adopted child in the Earnshaw household. Although Hindley was Mr. Earnshaw son, Heathcliff was preferred over him ad Heathcliff knew how to use this to his advantage. Thus, Hindley grew up to hate Heathcliff, whom he considered as a servant rather than his brother. His hatred is evident from his behavior and also his sole sibling becomes Heathcliff’s friend. Hindley was also sent to boarding school for his appalling behavior. Subsequently, his hatred grew and nurtured which would turn out to be harsh and cruel towards Heathcliff.

    Ans 3 : Catherine and Heathcliff both lost their parents at an early age and their brother inflicted harsh attitude towards them. Both of them lacked the guardianship that is essential for a positive attitude. Consequently their mental growth was much the same.

  8. Taleaa says:

    Answer1: This chapter foreshadows Heathcliff’s timid personality as a child. By giving us a glimpse of the past it tells us how Heathcliff’s personality will be presented throughout the novel. Heathcliff is told to be a sullen child who seems to have grown prone to ill-treatment, hence his ostensibly tolerant attitude towards Nelly Dean’s pinches and Hindley’s “blows”. Being father less, and someone who roamed famished on the roadsides as a child, he reamins quiet for the most part, and hardly ever complains. Nelly dean describes him to be as “uncomplaining as a lamb, though hardness not gentleness, made him give little trouble”, this tells us that Heathcliff though introvert was not of a humble nature but maybe the hardships he had to undergo as a child may have negatively impacted his fragile intellect, which may have eventually hardened him to tribulations, and ills of sorts. Also, Heathcliff did not display any feelings of gratitude to his benefactor, which Nelly dean adds was not because he was “insolent”, but simply “insensible”. As the newest addition to the Earnshaw family, Heathcliff was aware of the grip he had on Mr.Earnshaw’s “heart”, and that he “had only to speak and all the house would be obliged to bend to his wishes”. Heathcliff did however exploit this and occasionally threatened Hindley to procure the things he wanted, which emphasizes the notion that it was heathcliff’s hardness not gentleness which made him indifferent to thrashings and persecution.

    Ans2. Hindley’s attitude towards Heathcliff is deplorable, though imminent now that his father chooses to prefer a stray boy over him. He thrashes and persecutes Heathcliff often, and makes his hatred for him official through his verbal abuses. We can summon through the evidences provided in Chapter 4, that Hindley will treat Heathcliff illy, and will not hesitate in abusing him physically or verbally. He may even demean him by snatching away his rights, and Heathcliff will have to bear it as with the death of Mr Earnshaw he will lose his benefactor, whose presence was currently sheilding Heathcliff from more severe violence which is to come.

    Ans3. Catherine when sees Heathcliff for the first time, spits on him, though as the story would develop so will the camaraderie between them, and they will grow eventually close and fond of one another. They both possess untamed spirits, and cherish freedom. Their mutual love for horses brings them closer and we can foreshadow that in the forth-coming chapters we can expect this fondness to grow into something much deeper and stronger like love.

  9. mufaddal b says:

    Ans 1: The story of Heathcliff begins with nelly dean telling the audience about the past and present of Heathcliff. Heathcliff was brought to wuthering heights by Mr Earnshaw who found him shelterless and starving in Liverpool.Heathcliff was virtually brought into a new world where every thing was alien to him.From the very beginning Heathcliff couldn’t fit into their society as he was deprived of education, etiquettes and a shelter. Hence due to these reasons he did not have a very pleasant personality and was not cultured. Due to this Catherine and Hindley didn’t like him even to the extent that she spat on him. Later on this hatred converted into love for heathcliff.But hindley as always despised Heathcliff and was as determined to destroy him years after he returned after Mr Earnshaws death.the only source of love that he received was from Catherine which was tried to wipe off. Thus, lack of love, finances and even education adversely affected Heathcliff’s character development.

    Ans 2: Hindley’s hatred for Heathcliff will definitely grow. Hindley whofrom the very begginging feels very insecure about heathcliff’s presence will try to put thorns in his way.He will most definitely try to separate Catherine from Heathcliff as he firmly believes that heathcliff doesn’t have the social standing in society like them. He will try to humiliate heathcliff in every possible manner and force him to move out of their lives.
    Ans 3: Both Catherine and Heathcliff were very much alike.They were both very adventurous and wild.They both lost their mothers who are believed to instill social mannerisms and basic education in a child. They shared the same interes

  10. Tooba M says:

    Qs1
    Chap 4 tells us about the family background, it tells us the manner in which Heathcliff was raised. It tells us the reasons for Heathcliffs cold attitude. We come to know that Mr. Earnshaw went for a visit to Liverpool and when he returned he brought with him a dirty, ragged black haired child. We come to know that Heathcliff was not a real child of Mr.Earnshaw. The Boy was named Heathcliff and made a part of the family although he was not entirely welcomed by Mrs. Earnshaw, Nelly, Hindley and even Catherine at first did not accept him. This could be understood as one of the reasons for Heathcliffs cold attitude. Later on he becomes good friends with Catherine. He has been described as a reason to create discord between the family. Mr. Earnshaw favours him more than his own children this is one reason that creates rivalry between Heathcliff and Hindley. Heath cliff is told to be a sullen child who has become used to the ill treatment of his family. Heathliff may not have a pleasant nature but still he di dnot complain about anything the only reason that Nelly Dean calls him an “uncomplaining lamb”. We can assume that his sufferings and the hardships he had to go through would have had a great impact on his mind. Heathcliff had attained love and affection from Mr.Earnshaw this is why the whole house was bound to bend to his wishes. This was taken for granted by Heathcliff because of his rivalry with Hindley he used to threaten him and take things which he wished for from him.

    Qs2
    We come to know in Chapter four the intense hatred that Hindley has fro Heathciff in his heart. It was intolerable for him to accept Heathcliff in the first place and later on when Mr. Earnshaw his father treats Heathcliff withmore love and affection and his only sibling grows fond of him, his hatred grows. His hatred overflows after the death of Mr. Earnshaw and that is the point from where Heathcliff will be treated extremely roughly by Hindley. Hindley will not hesitate in abusing Heathcliff both physically and verbally. His rights will be taken away and he will not be allowed to use any luxuries. He will be demeaned. By the death of Mr. Earnshaw Heathcliff is left unprotected from the dangers yet to arrive.

    Qs3
    Catherine and Heathcliff were both deprived of parents at a very early age. Heathcliff and Catherine are brought closer by their fondness for horses. Initially Catherine is hesitant to accept Heathcliff as a part of the family, and spits on him at their first meeting. However later on they become attached to each other. Catherine is unobedient of her father. Both Heathcliff and Catherine try to stay away from Hindley. Their relation is more tha just inseperable friends and over the years might grow deeper.

  11. aleena s. says:

    answer 1:
    The reason for Heathcliff’s present personality is clearly presented in this chapter. From the moment Mr.Earnshaw brought the orphan Heathcliff home after finding him homeless and hungry on the streets of Liverpool, Heathcliff is looked upon with disgust and bitterness by the rest of the family. Although Catherine was initially repulsed by him, she grows to bond with him and becomes his only source of happiness after Mr.Earnshaw’s death. Hindley, Mr.Earnshaw’s son and Heathcliff’s bitter enemy, resents the presence of Heathcliff in his household and therefore maltreats him at every opportunity that he gets. Even Nelly Dean, who is herself a servant, referred to Heathcliff as an ‘it’. Thus he becomes hardened by the the ill treatment given to him by others. No one in the family cares about how he is brought up. He is free to roam around uneducated and uncivilized. The main sources for a pleasant personality are proper parenting, education and environment and Heathcliff never had the chance to enjoy any of these.

    answer 2:
    From the moment Heathcliff enters the Earnshaw household, Hindley resents his presence. He is angered by the fact the someone who is inferior to him is more liked by his father than he is. Hindley’s hatred and bitterness for Heathcliff grows over the years as Heathcliff learns to use Mr.Earnshaw’s love for him to his advantage which eventually results in Hindley being sent away to boarding school. When Mr.Earnshaw, who is Heathcliff’s only source of protection, dies, leaving Hindley as his successor then Hindley will most likely vent out all his anger towards Heathcliff by further degrading him. Hindley will attempt to make Heathcliff pay for the lack of love he received from his father as a child by being cruel and heartless towards him and completely disassociating him from the family.

    answer 3:
    As young children, Catherine and Heathcliff both have lost the parental guidance that is essential for a proper upbringing. With Hindley nurturing a dislike for Heathcliff and then for Catherine as she continues to grow closer to Heathcliff, they are both regarded as wild and disobedient by the rest of the household. Their shared love for horses results in countless hours spent in the open with no restrictions. Thus their personalities are initially on similar courses as they are brought up in the same uncared-for environment.

  12. Ushna Azeem says:

    A 1

    Heathcliff was a homeless child ,which Mr.Earnshaw found in the streets of Liverpool. He from the very beginning , was considered as useless and the Earnshaw family did not like him , except Mr.Earnshaw who loved him a lot .He was already deprived of parent’s affections and other privileges such as education and clothes and they way Catherine and Hindley treated him may have made him realise that he will never fit in there. The Earnshaw children treat him very cruely but after a while Cathrine becomes Heathcliff’s friend .Hindley takes advantage of his quietness and although he was quiet but the feeling of revenge and hatred for hindley must have been growing inside of him which might be one of the reasons why Heathcliff has a cold personality

    A 2

    Hindley’s hatred for Heathcliff is from the very beginning as Mr Earnshaw loved heathcliff more than his own son .He used to bruise heathcliff when they were children and when they enter adolesecnce Hindley will do the same, as then he will have more power and when Mr.earnshaw will die he would have the control over the wuthering heights and may treat Heathcliff as an inferior race .he would have a cruel bahivour towards heathcliff in the future .
    A3
    yes i see the development of Cathrine and Heathcliff in similar respective courses . They became friends and both hated Hindley for the way he treated them after Mr.Earnshaw’s death . They both used to play together. Cathrine and Heathcliff both lost their parents and were grieved when Mr.Earnshaw died .

  13. Ushna Azeem says:

    A 1

    Heathcliff was a homeless child ,which Mr.Earnshaw found in the streets of Liverpool. He from the very beginning , was considered as useless and the Earnshaw family did not like him , except Mr.Earnshaw who loved him a lot .He was already deprived of parent’s affections and other privileges such as education and clothes and they way Catherine and Hindley treated him may have made him realise that he will never fit in there. The Earnshaw children treat him very cruely but after a while Cathrine becomes Heathcliff’s friend .Hindley takes advantage of his quietness and although he was quiet but the feeling of revenge and hatred for hindley must have been growing inside of him which might be one of the reasons why Heathcliff has a cold personality

    A 2

    Hindley’s hatred for Heathcliff is from the very beginning as Mr Earnshaw loved heathcliff more than his own son .He used to bruise heathcliff when they were children and when they enter adolesecnce Hindley will do the same, as then he will have more power and when Mr.earnshaw will die he would have the control over the wuthering heights and may treat Heathcliff as an inferior race .he would have a cruel bahivour towards heathcliff in the future .
    A3
    yes i see the development of Cathrine and Heathcliff in similar respective courses . They became friends and both hated Hindley for the way he treated them after Mr.Earnshaw’s death . They both used to play together. Cathrine and Heathcliff both lost their parents and were grieved when Mr.Earnshaw died .

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